Use Eureka despite having random external port of docker containers

I am writing an application that is composed of a few spring boot based microservices with a zuul based reverse proxy in the front-

It works when I start the services on my machine, but for server rollout I’d like to use docker for the services, but this seems not to be possible right now.

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  • Normally you would have a fixed “internal” port and randomized ports at the outside of the container. But the app in the container doesn’t know the outside port (and IP).

    The Netflix tools match what I would want to write an efficient microservice architecture and conceptually I really like docker.
    As far as I can see it would be very troublesome to start the container, gather the outside port on the host and pass it to the app, because you can’t simply change the port after the app is started.

    Is there any way to use eureka with docker based clients?

    [Update]
    I guess I did a poor job explaining the problem. So maybe this clarifies it a bit more:

    The eureka server itself can run in docker, as I have only one and the outside port doesn’t matter. I can use the link feature to access it from the clients.

    The problem is the URL that the clients register themselves with.
    This is for example https://localhost:8080/ but due to dynamic port assignment it is really only accessible via https://localhost:54321/

    So eureka will return the wrong URL for the services.

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  • 2 Solutions collect form web for “Use Eureka despite having random external port of docker containers”

    You can set up a directory for each docker instance and share it between the host and the instance and then write the port and IP address to a file in that directory.

    $ instanceName=$(generate random instance name)
    $ dirName=/var/lib/docker/metadata/$instanceName
    $ mkdir -p $dirName
    $ docker run -name $instanceName -v ${dirName}:/mnt/metadata ...
    $ echo $(get port number and host IP) > ${dirName}/external-address
    

    Then you just read /mnt/metadata/external-address from your application and use that information with Eureka.

    I have found a solution myself, which is maybe not the best solution, but it fits for me…

    When you start docker with “–net=host” (host networking), then you use the hosts network stack directly. Then I just use 0 as port for spring-boot and spring randomizes the port for me and as it’s using the hosts networking stack there is no translation to a different port (and IP).

    There are some drawbacks though:

    • When you use host networking you can’t use the link-feature for these containers as link source or target.
    • Using the hosts network stack leads to less encapsulation of the instance, which maybe a problem depending on your project.

    I hope it helps

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