Setting environment variables when running docker in detached mode
If I include the following line in /root/.bashrc:
export $A = "AAA"
then when I run the docker container in interactive mode (docker run -i), the $A variable keeps its value. However if I run the container in detached mode I cannot access the variable. Even if I run the container explicitly sourcing the .bashrc like
docker run -d my_image /bin/bash -c "cd /root && source .bashrc && echo $A"
such line produces an empty output.
So, why is this happening? And how can I set the environment variables defined in the .bashrc file?
Any help would be very much appreciated!
One Solution collect form web for “Setting environment variables when running docker in detached mode”
The first problem is that the command you are running has
$A being interpreted by your hosts shell (not the container shell). On your host,
$A is likely black, so your effectively command becomes:
docker run -i my_image /bin/bash -c "cd /root && source .bashrc && echo "
Which does exactly as it says. We can escape the variable so it is sent to the container and properly evaluated there:
docker run -i my_image /bin/bash -c "echo \$A"
But this will also be blank because, although the container is, the shell is not in interactive mode. But we can force it to be:
docker run -i my_image /bin/bash -i -c "echo \$A"
Woohoo, we finally got our desired result. But with an added error from bash because there is no TTY. So, instead of interactive mode, we can just set a psuedo-TTY:
docker run -t my_image /bin/bash -i -c "echo \$A"