Installing PostgreSQL within a docker container

I’ve been following several different tutorials as well as the official one however whenever I try to install PostgreSQL within a container I get the following message afterwards

psql: could not connect to server: No such file or directory
Is the server running locally and accepting
connections on Unix domain socket "/var/run/postgresql/.s.PGSQL.5432"?

I’ve looked through several questions here on SO and throughout the internet but no luck.

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  • 2 Solutions collect form web for “Installing PostgreSQL within a docker container”

    The problem is that the your application/project is trying to access the postgres socket file in the HOST machine (not docker container).

    To solve it one would either have to explicitly ask for an tcp/ip connection while using the -p flag to set up a port for the postgres container, or share the unix socket with the HOST maching using the -v flag.

    :NOTE:
    Using the -v or --volume= flag means you are sharing some space between the HOST machine and the docker container. That means that if you have postgres installed on your host machine and its running you will probably run into issues.

    Below I demonstrate how to run a postgres container that is both accessible from tcp/ip and unix socket. Also I am naming the container as postgres.

    docker run -p 5432:5432 -v /run/postgresql:/run/postgresql -d --name postgres postgres

    There are other solutions, but I find this one the most suitable. Finally if the application/project that needs access is also a container, it is better to just link them.

    Here are instructions for fixing that error that should also work for your docker container: PostgreSQL error 'Could not connect to server: No such file or directory'

    If that doesn’t work for any reason, there are many of off-the-shelf postgresql docker containers you can look at for reference on the Docker Index: https://index.docker.io/search?q=postgresql

    Many of the containers are built from trusted repos on github. So if you find one that seems like it meets your needs, you can review the source.

    The Flynn project has also included a postgresql appliance that might be worth checking out: https://github.com/flynn/flynn-postgres

    Docker will be the best open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications.