Docker Redis container orderly shutdown
I am running redis-server in a Docker container on Ubuntu 14.10 x64. If I access the redis database via phpRedisAdmin, do a few edits and then get them to be saved to disk, shutdown the container and then restart it everything is fine – the edited redis keys are present and correct. However, if I edit keys and then shut down the container then restart it the edits do not stick.
Clearly, the dump.rdb file is not being saved automatically when the container is shutdown. I imagine that I could fix this by putting in an /etc/init.d script that is symlinked from /etc/rc6.d. However, I am wondering – why does shutting down a redis container not perform an orderly shutdown of the running process(es) in the container? After all, when I reboot my server (both the server & the container run Ubuntu 14.10) I do not have to explicitly commit the redis db changes to disk.
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The main process in a Docker container will be sent a
SIGTERM signal when you run
docker stop -t N CONTAINER. The process should then begin to shut itself down cleanly. If after N seconds (10 by default) this still hasn’t happened, Docker will use a
SIGKILL signal, which will kill the process without giving it a chance to clean up. The reason you were having problems was probably because you simply weren’t giving Redis long enough to shutdown cleanly.
It’s important to note that only the main process in the container (PID 1) will be sent signals. This means that the main process must be responsible for shutting down any child processes in the container, or you can end up with zombie processes.
If you still have problems with redis not doing what you want on shutdown, you could wrap it in a script which acts as PID 1, catches the
SIGTERM signal and does whatever tidying up you want (just make sure you do shutdown redis and any other processes you’ve started).