Docker compose error “In file './docker-compose.yml', service 'punjab' must be a mapping not a string.”

I am getting a strange error in my docker-compose.yml file.

I have prepared a docker-compose file for the stack punjab connection manager, ejabberd and mysql.

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  • Below is the docker-compose.yml file

    version: '2'
         - 5280:5280
         - ejabbberd:ejabberd
        image: ejabberd
          - mysql
          - mysql:mysql

    When I run the command docker-compose up from the command line and from the same directory where I have the docker-compose.yml file, I get the following error.

    ERROR: In file ‘./docker-compose.yml’, service ‘punjab’ must be a mapping not a string.

    I parsed the yml file using yamllint as well and the file is correctly formatted.

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  • One Solution collect form web for “Docker compose error “In file './docker-compose.yml', service 'punjab' must be a mapping not a string.””

    Although in theory the file format may look correct, there are some things that are wrong.

    They are:

    1. Use depends_on instead of depends-on because that is the correct syntax.

    2. For best practice, use a blank space before informing the image like: image: punjab.

    3. On ports and links at punjab service, you forget the colon :

    4. The images ejabberd and punjab do not exist on Docker Hub so they must exist in your local repository.

    This is an example to use a docker-compose.yml:

    version: '2'
        image: punjab
          - "5280:5280"
          - ejabberd
        image: ejabberd
          - mysql
          - mysql
        image: mysql
    Docker will be the best open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications.