Docker-compose cannot find Java
I am trying to use a Python wrapper for a Java library called Tabula. I need both Python and Java images within my Docker container. I am using the
python:3.5.3 images. I am trying to build the file using Docker-compose, but it returns the following message:
/bin/sh: 1: java: not found
when it reaches the line
RUN java -version within the Dockerfile. The line
RUN find / -name "java" also doesn’t return anything, so I can’t even find where Java is being installed in the Docker environment.
Here is my Dockerfile:
FROM python:3.5.3 FROM openjdk:8 FROM tailordev/pandas RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \ python3-pip # Create code directory ENV APP_HOME /usr/src/app RUN mkdir -p $APP_HOME/temp WORKDIR /$APP_HOME # Install app dependencies ADD requirements.txt $APP_HOME RUN pip3 install -r requirements.txt # Copy source code COPY *.py $APP_HOME/ RUN find / -name "java" RUN java -version ENTRYPOINT [ "python3", "runner.py" ]
How do I install Java within the Docker container so that the Python wrapper class can invoke Java methods?
One Solution collect form web for “Docker-compose cannot find Java”
This Dockerfile can not work because the multiple
FROM statements at the beginning don’t mean what you think it means. It doesn’t mean that all the contents of the Images you’re referring to in the
FROM statements will end up in the Images you’re building somehow, it actually meant two different concepts throughout the history of docker:
- In the newer Versions of Docker multi stage builds, which is a very different thing from what you’re trying to achieve (but very interesting nontheless).
- In earlier Versions of Docker, it gave you the ability to simply build multiple images in one Dockerfile.
The behavior you are describing makes me assume you are using such an earlier Version. Let me explain what’s actually happening when you run
docker build on this Dockerfile:
FROM python:3.5.3 # Docker: "The User wants me to build an Image that is based on python:3.5.3. No Problem!" # Docker: "Ah, the next FROM Statement is coming up, which means that the User is done with building this image" FROM openjdk:8 # Docker: "The User wants me to build an Image that is based on openjdk:8. No Problem!" # Docker: "Ah, the next FROM Statement is coming up, which means that the User is done with building this image" FROM tailordev/pandas # Docker: "The User wants me to build an Image that is based on python:3.5.3. No Problem!" # Docker: "A RUN Statement is coming up. I'll put this as a layer in the Image the user is asking me to build" RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \ python3-pip ... # Docker: "EOF Reached, nothing more to do!"
As you can see, this is not what you want.
What you should do instead is build a single image where you will first install your runtimes (python, java, ..), and then your application specific dependencies. The last two parts you’re already doing, here’s how you could go about installing your general dependencies:
# Let's start from the Alpine Java Image FROM openjdk:8-jre-alpine # Install Python runtime RUN apk add --update \ python \ python-dev \ py-pip \ build-base \ && pip install virtualenv \ && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* # Install your framework dependencies RUN pip install numpy scipy pandas ... do the rest ...
Note that I haven’t tested the above snippet, you may have to adapt a few things.